People living in the Metropolitan St. Louis Sewer District (MSD) can't change the fact that their sewer bills are going to rise incrementally over the next several years, Ed Rhode said.
What they can control is the rate at which that change happens.
That's why Rhode and Mike Kelley—members of the pro-Proposition Y committee Clean Water STL—are encouraging residents of St. Louis County and St. Louis city to vote yes on the $945 million bond issue June 5.
If St. Louisans vote yes, sewer rates for the average single-family MSD user would rise from roughly $29 for the average single family to roughly $44 by mid-2015. The new rate effective July 1 of this year would be about $31.
By contrast, a rejection of the measure would raise that average rate to about $64 effective July 1 of this year. That figure would then rise to about $65 by mid-2015.
"We believe that bonds provide a less burdensome and … more equitable way to pay for this stuff," Rhode said.
The table below shows the expected differences in sewer rates depending on whether voters approve or reject Proposition Y:DATE OF INCREASE
'YES' ON PROPOSITION Y (AVERAGE MONTHLY BILL, SINGLE FAMILY) 'NO' ON PROPOSITION Y (AVERAGE MONTHLY BILL, SINGLE FAMILY) Current $28.73 $28.73 July 1, 2012 $31.34 $64.15 July 1, 2013 $34.72 $64.15 July 1, 2014 $38.55 $64.90 July 1, 2015 $43.67 $65.15
Why the rates are changing
MSD must increase its rates to begin paying for $4.7 billion in upgrades mandated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The expenses stem from a settlement announced in August.
The upgrades will help correct more than 350 sewer overflows in the St. Louis area and will be made over 23 years, according to a primer document from MSD. They will address violations of the Clean Water Act.
These issues aren't unique to St. Louis, Rhode said. The federal government is in settlement talks with other U.S. sewer districts.
St. Louis has a large sewer system. It's the fourth-largest in the U.S., comparable to districts in places such as Los Angeles, he said. Some of the city's sewer system came into being during Abraham Lincoln's presidency, and some of the system is composed of materials such as wood.
Age and other problems cause sewage to back up onto roads and into basements.
It's not that MSD has fallen down on the job, Rhode said. Rather, the problem is that limited resources available to the sewer district have not kept up with the growth of the St. Louis area.
The rate increases won't just affect homeowners. They'll also affect organizations such as the Saint Louis Zoo, one of the sewer district's largest users of wastewater. It will also result in higher costs for schools such as Washington University and businesses such as Anheuser-Busch InBev, AT&T, Schnucks and Boeing.
Organizations such as the St. Louis League of Women Voters have voiced their support for the proposition.
Ballot's charter amendments aimed at increased efficiency, transparency
In addition to Proposition Y, voters on June 5 will have the opportunity to vote on eight charter amendments that an MSD official said are aimed at improving the sewer district's efficiency and transparency to the public.
Proposition Y can be adopted even if some or all of the charter amendments are not.
"They're meant to modernize and bring up to date the methods and practices that we have available to use to execute our responsibilities for stormwater and wastewater management," said Lance LeComb, manager of public information for MSD.
Among them is Proposition 6, which would enable MSD to handle the construction of three stormwater storage tunnels planned several hundred feet beneath the River Des Peres. Currently, MSD is required to design the project, get cost estimates and then bid out construction to other entities.
The ability to also perform construction is known as a design-build process. MoDOT, for example, used a design-build process during the Highway 40 redevelopment project.
Doing that has the potential to reduce the cost of building the tunnels, LeComb said.
MSD would also be able to make several additional changes if voters approve the seven other propositions, according to an overview document from the sewer district. Quoting from the document:
Supporters differentiate MSD proposition from other bond issues
Proposition Y is unlike the , Rhode said.
That's because if voters had rejected the courts measure, the upgrades to the and construction of the new building would not have happened.
In the case of the MSD proposition, the upgrades are guaranteed.
"These investments are going to be made regardless," Rhode said. So he said it's up to voters to keep sewer bills lower.